Where is the original fruit of the apple? The history of this fruit is really tortuous!
Apple, a kind of fruit that is so familiar.
In 2016, the world’s apple production was 89.3 million tons,China's apple production reached 44.4 million tons, accounting for half of the world's total production!
This is a very shocking data.
But there is a question: China’s apple production is the largest in the world, but are apples native to China?
Looking closely, the history of this fruit is really a bit tortuous!
"Pin Po and Apple"
Some people say that apples have been cultivated in China for 2000 years.
The "Zijiao" of Xia Yu era was an apple.
This is lack of factual basis, because ancient fruits, you don’t know what it looks like and what taste it tastes like!
According to textual research, this kind of fruit should have been introduced into the Central Plains from the Western Regions, that is, Xinjiang.
But when it tastes, it's definitely not the apple taste of today.
Later, another fruit called "Pin Po" appeared in the literature.
This kind of fruit is mostly a kind of Xinjiang cotton apple.
But this is not an apple in the modern sense, it is a native wild fruit.
The modern apple is an imported fruit, not a native Chinese plant.
Europe and Central Asia where they grew first.
Later, with the advent of the era of great geographic discovery, the apple was brought to all parts of the world by Europeans.
The earliest time that modern apples entered China should be at the end of the Qing Dynasty.
According to research, the specific time was in 1870, when it was planted in Yantai by the Americans.
Since then, it has slowly spread in the northern region.
Apple's development in southern China is very slow.
Until 1949, apple trees in Jiangsu and Zhejiang were only planted by wealthy households in their courtyards for viewing.
At that time, southerners hadn't planted them on a large scale because they were delicious.
Just look at it and don't eat the fruit. If the apple tree is conscious, it will most likely dislike people for giving up their roots.
"A lot of variety"
Although Apple’s history in China is a bit slow, once people discover its benefits,
I immediately fell in love with its sweet fruit and turned to develop it eagerly.
We know that tree species can be bred into new varieties through selection, crossbreeding, and grafting.
There are about 55 kinds of apples in the world, and 15 kinds are unique to China.
And the most common variety "Fuji" in supermarkets is not a local variety in China.
It was born by the Japanese in 1939, using two varieties of "Guoguang" and "Marshal" to cross-breed.
This process is relatively tortuous. It was not until 1951 that people were satisfied with the tree species, and it was officially named "Fuji" in 1962.
In 1966, China bought 10 "Fuji" saplings from Japan and planted them in Liaoning and Shandong.
After years of promotion, "Fuji" has finally become the apple variety with the largest planting area and the highest yield in China!