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Kiwi The long road to domestication of emerging fruits

Publish Time: 2023-01-10 Views: 6

From September to October every year, it is the kiwi fruit picking period in my country. The mature and full kiwi fruit is peeked out of the large and soft leaves, densely covered with vines, forming a pleasant orchard landscape. Before being commercialized on a large scale, kiwifruit has been used as a horticultural ornamental plant in China. In the poem "Taibai Dongxi Zhang Laoshe is going to happen, and his brother and nephew, etc." by the poet Cen Shen of the Tang Dynasty, there is a sentence like "On the well fence of the atrium, a kiwi fruit". This is also the first time the name of kiwi fruit appears in the classics. Among.


Actinidia is a big family

This photo of the kiwi family may have overturned many people’s understanding of the shape of kiwi fruit: oval fruit,

The greenish brown skin is covered with a layer of fine hair. According to the records of Flora of China, there are 55 species of Actinidia in the world, and there are at least 52 species in my country. However, people usually see

The kiwis that come and eat are only two of the genus Actinidia: Actinidia deliciosa and Actinidia chinensis. this is

At present, the two most artificially cultivated varieties, in the global scope, the planting area of kiwifruit accounts for about 85%.Chinese kiwifruit accounts for about 15%. There are a small amount of cultivation of Actinidia arguta and Actinidia sylvestris, while other varieties are almost undomesticated wild species.

There are many types of kiwifruit in my country, and the distribution is extremely wide. From the south to Guangxi and Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, to the north to the three northeastern provinces, there are natural distribution of Actinidia plants. The main production areas of commercial kiwifruit are concentrated in the Ya'an-Dujiangyan line in Sichuan, the northern foot of the Qinling Mountains in Shaanxi to the south bank of the Weihe River, the Funiu Mountain area in Henan, and Guizhou, Hubei, Jiangxi, Fujian, Zhejiang and Hunan Provinces.

Shaanxi is the largest province in China for kiwi production. In 2011, the province’s kiwi production accounted for 60% of the country’s total production. Zhouzhi County and Mei County in Shaanxi Province are the world's largest kiwifruit production bases. This area has enough sunshine throughout the year, with more than 1,900 hours of sunshine per year. The terrain is relatively flat, the annual precipitation is evenly distributed, the wind in the growing season is light, the soil pH is moderate, and there are no disasters such as low temperature and frost damage and hail. It is kiwifruit. Eugenic zone.