2019/20 China becomes the world's largest apple exporter!
A recent report issued by the US Department of Agriculture shows that with the recovery of China's apple production, the total world apple production in the 2019/20 season* is expected to reach 75.8 million tons, an increase of about 5 million tons compared to the previous season.
China: In the 2019/20 season, most of China's apple-producing areas have relatively ideal climate conditions, and the output is expected to reach 41 million tons, an increase of about 8 million tons compared to the previous season, which is close to the highest level in history. Although the impact of the epidemic is still there, China’s apple exports this season are expected to exceed 1 million tons, making it the world’s largest apple exporter again.
According to data released by China Customs, in the first quarter of this year, China exported a total of 246,000 tons of apples, a year-on-year increase of 16%. The export value was US$312 million, a year-on-year increase of 21%. The export destinations were Vietnam, Thailand, Myanmar, Malaysia, Philippines, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Hong Kong region, Russia and Japan.
EU: Severe weather such as hail, drought, and frost has affected the production of apples in most EU member states in the 2019/20 season. It is estimated that the output of the EU as a whole will be about 11.5 million tons, and the output will be reduced by about 3.6 million tons. This is the second time the EU apple output has been reduced by more than 20% in three years.
United States; Washington State is the most important state for apple cultivation and production in the United States. In the 2019/20 season, the recovery in Washington State's production also pushed the overall output of US apples to 4.8 million tons, an increase of about 300,000 tons compared to the previous season. Export volume is expected to reach 860,000 tons, and exports to major markets such as Mexico and Canada will increase.
Turkey: The country's apple production in the 2019/20 season will be close to its historical peak and is expected to be about 3 million tons. The export volume is expected to be only 180,000 tons, a year-on-year decrease of nearly 40%. The main export markets for Turkish apples are Iraq and Syria in the Middle East.
India: Affected by the monsoon, India's apple production in the 2019/20 season is expected to be approximately 2.4 million tons, which has not changed much from the previous season. Since the import ban on Chinese apples has not been lifted, and the import of American apples has been affected by retaliatory tariffs, it is estimated that India will import about 175,000 tons of apples in the 2019/20 season, a year-on-year decrease of nearly 40%.
Russia: Thanks to the government's strong support in planting and cold storage, Russia's apple production will continue to rise well. It is expected to reach 1.7 million tons in the 2019/20 season, breaking the historical record again. Affected by this, Russia's import demand for apples is expected to weaken.
Chile: In the past six years, the area of apple cultivation throughout Chile has been decreasing. Coupled with the impact of drought and other weather factors, Chile's apple production in the 2019/20 season is expected to be approximately 1.1 million tons. The export volume is expected to be approximately 650,000 tons.
South Africa: As the most important apple producer in Africa, South Africa’s apple production is expected to break the historical record in the 2019/20 season, reaching 942,000 tons, an increase of nearly 50,000 tons year-on-year. However, affected by the epidemic, the export volume is expected to be about 480,000 tons.
Mexico: Mexico is also experiencing a recovery in production, which is expected to harvest about 680,000 tons of apples in the 2019/20 season. The area of apple cultivation in major producing areas across the country, such as Chihuahua, is still growing.
New Zealand: The New Zealand apple industry has always been known worldwide for its high quality and numerous proprietary varieties, and is the world's major apple exporter. Due to the broad industry prospects, the area of apple cultivation across New Zealand has been steadily increasing in recent years. The output for the 2019/20 season is expected to be approximately 593,000 tons, a year-on-year increase of 2.8%. Among them, about 400,000 tons will be put into overseas markets, and the export volume increased by 2.3% year-on-year.
Argentina: The country is one of the main producers and exporters of apples and pears in the southern hemisphere. However, according to a report recently released by the US Department of Agriculture, the output of Argentine apples and fresh pears has shrunk by 36% in the past decade. Compared with Chile, New Zealand and South Africa, which are in the southern hemisphere, the competitiveness of Argentine apples and fresh pears is slightly insufficient. In the 2019/20 season, Argentina's apple production will decline, which is expected to be about 480,000 tons, with a reduction of about 70,000 tons. The export volume is expected to be approximately 100,000 tons.
The 2019/20 apple season in northern hemisphere countries is from July 2019 to June 2020, except for the United States and Mexico (August 2019 to July 2020). The 2019/20 apple season for countries in the southern hemisphere is from January 2020 to December 2020.