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Kiwi Fruit
release time:2021-06-22 10:55:00

Kiwi Fruit Healthy Encyclopedias

Kiwi fruit, also known as Kiwi fruit, is a Cantonese translation of kiwi fruit. Many people think it is a specialty of New Zealand. In fact, its ancestral home is China. It was introduced into New Zealand only a century ago.


Morphological characteristics: Liana; Branches brown, pilose, pith white, lamellar. Leaves suborbicular or broadly obovate, apex obtuse or slightly concave, rarely pointed, base rounded to heart-shaped, margin with awn like teeth, surface with sparse hairs, back densely covered with gray white stellate villi. The flowers are milky white when blooming and turn yellow later. They are solitary or several in axils. Sepals 5, pale brown pilose; Petals 5-6, with short claws; Stamens numerous, anthers yellow; Style filiform, numerous. The berry is oval, about 3cm in diameter, densely covered with yellowish brown branched villi. It blooms from May to June and ripens from August to October.


Distribution: on the edge of hillside forest or shrub, some garden cultivation. There are three kiwi fruit producing areas in China: one is Funiu Mountain, Tongbai mountain and Dabie Mountain in Henan Province; Second, the Qinling Mountains in Shaanxi Province; Third, the west of Hunan Province.


Nutritional composition: kiwifruit is large in shape, with single fruit weight between 70-150g; Pericarp yellowish brown, densely covered with fine hairs; The flesh was green, yellow or light yellow with light stripes on the cross section; The core is white or light yellow; Seed black brown or purple brown. The content of vitamin C in fruit is very high, generally every 100g fresh fruit contains vitamin C 100 ~ 200mg, the highest can reach 420mg; The sugar content is 8% - 14%; 2% of total acid; It contains 0.446% aspartic acid, 0.210% threonine, 0.185% tryptophan, 0.6002% glutamate, 0.240% glycine, 0.245% alanine, 0.3615% proline, 0.102% cystine, 0.023% methionine, 0.237% isoleucine, 0.294% leucine, 0.140% tyrosine, 0.197% phenylalanine, 0.214% lysine, 0.125% histidine, 0.304% arginine and r-aminobutyric acid Hydroxybutylamino acid and other amino acids; It also contains ACTINIDINE, proteolytic enzyme, tannin, calcium, phosphorus, potassium, iron and other mineral elements. It also has the characteristics of storability. The fresh fruit picked in time can be kept for one month at room temperature and for more than five to six months at low temperature.


Uses: root medicine, clearing away heat and toxin, promoting blood circulation and detumescence, diuresis and relieving gonorrhea; It can kill tea caterpillars, rice borers, aphids and so on. The stem contains sticky gum, which can be used as building and papermaking raw materials. Leaves can be used as fodder. Flowers can extract essence. Fruit contains sugars, organic acids, especially vitamin C, can be eaten raw, jam.


Efficacy of dietotherapy

1.Treating high fever and thirst

You can eat 3-5 fresh kiwi fruit each time, 3-4 times a day. Or take fresh kiwi fruit, wash, mash, soak in cold water, and then drink slowly.


2.Treatment of gastric cancer and esophageal cancer

Gourmet formula

Fresh kiwi fruit 60g, kiwi root 30g, Scutellaria barbata 30g.

≮ food practice

Add 1000 ml of water to the top 3 ingredients and decoct them into a small bowl.

≮ delicious food

One dose daily, 30 days as a course of treatment.


3.Treating dyspepsia

≮ food formula

Kiwi fruit 60 grams.

≮ food practice

Add 1000 ml of water to 1 small bowl.

≮ delicious food

One dose daily.


4.Treatment of acute hepatitis

≮ food formula

Fresh kiwi fruit 60g, white horse bone 60g, wormwood 15g.

≮ food practice

Add 1000 ml of water to the top 3 ingredients and decoct them into a small bowl.

≮ delicious food

One dose daily.


Common sense


1.Don't drink milk immediately after eating kiwi fruit

Kiwi fruit and milk not only affect digestion and absorption, but also cause abdominal distension, abdominal pain and diarrhea.


Kiwi fruit is a kind of fruit with high nutritional value, known as the "king of fruit". It contains more than 10 kinds of amino acids such as leucine, phenylalanine, isoleucine, tyrosine and alanine, as well as rich minerals, including calcium, phosphorus and iron. It also contains carotene and vitamins, which plays an important role in maintaining human health.


Kiwi fruit should not be eaten with milk. Because vitamin C is easy to clot with protein in dairy products, it not only affects digestion and absorption, but also causes abdominal distension, abdominal pain and diarrhea. Therefore, after eating kiwi fruit rich in vitamin C, do not drink milk or eat other dairy products immediately. In addition, kiwi fruit is cold, should not eat more, spleen and stomach deficiency cold should be careful, diarrhea should not eat, threatened abortion, menorrhagia and frequent urination should not eat.


2. Kiwi fruit should be eaten after eating pickled fish

Kiwi fruit sauerkraut is a popular dish. However, after pickling, vitamin C has been lost; In addition, sauerkraut also contains more oxalic acid and calcium. Because of its high acidity, it is easy to be absorbed by the intestines after eating, and it is very easy to form stones in the urinary system when excreted through the kidney; And pickled food, mostly contains more nitrite, and the body of amine substances to form nitrosamine, is a kind of carcinogenic substances.


Scientists have found that eating foods rich in vitamins can block the synthesis of strong carcinogen nitrosamines and reduce the incidence of gastric cancer and esophageal cancer. And a kiwi can basically meet the body's daily vitamin C needs.


3. Children are allergic to kiwi fruit

A British scientific survey shows that children eating too much kiwi fruit can cause serious allergic reactions and even collapse. This study shows that children under 5 years old are most likely to have allergic reactions to kiwi fruit. Of the 300 children surveyed, 80 had adverse reactions, and two-thirds of them had adverse reactions when they first ate kiwi fruit. Two 4-month-old babies and one 1-year-old baby reacted too strongly and had to be hospitalized. Adverse reactions of kiwi fruit in children include itching of mouth and throat and tongue swelling. Among the 41 respondents, 40% of children under 5 years old developed severe symptoms of dyspnea and collapse after eating kiwi fruit. But there are no reports of death caused by eating kiwi fruit.


Medical effect of Kiwifruit

In terms of medicine, according to the clinical experience of pharmacists, the fruit is sour, sweet and cold, which has the effect of regulating qi, generating body fluid and moistening dryness, relieving heat and removing vexation.


The clinical application of kiwi fruit juice showed that it had a good effect on improving the clinical symptoms of leprosy and inhibiting leprosy bacilli, with an effective rate of 96.6%.


It has been proved that Chinese gooseberry juice contains an antimutagenic component glutathione, which is beneficial to inhibit the mutation of cancer inducing gene and block the synthesis of carcinogen morpholine nitrite. The blocking rate is as high as 98%. This shows that Chinese gooseberry juice is not only a high-grade beverage, but also a delicious medicine for cancer prevention.


Kiwifruit contains more arginine and glutamate. Cardiologists found that arginine can promote the expansion of small arteries, act as a cardiovascular dilator, improve blood circulation and prevent the formation of thrombosis in arteries. In our diet, there is a lack of magnesium. Relevant experts believe that the incidence of heart disease, myocardial infarction and hypertension is related to the lack of magnesium in the human body. Kiwi fruit contains 6% magnesium, which can supplement the magnesium needed by the human body.


Inositol in kiwifruit, as a natural glycoalcohol, has a positive effect on regulating glucose metabolism. The supplement of inositol can improve nerve conduction velocity. Inositol, as the second messenger in the process of cell signal transduction, plays a regulatory role in the intracellular transduction of hormones and nerves. It can effectively prevent the occurrence of diabetes and depression.

Lutein, an important phytochemical component in kiwi fruit, is found in this paper. Recently, the USDA research agency has pointed out that these compounds can prevent spots from worsening and permanent blindness. Kiwi fruit also contains healthy carotenoids (carotenoids, lutein and yellow), phenols (anthocyanins, etc.) and antioxidants, including vitamin C, vitamin E and rich antioxidants, which can help to inhibit the oxidation of cholesterol.


Kiwi fruit contains a lot of vitamin C and antioxidant substances, it is an effective auxiliary drug and nutritional food for high temperature operation, high altitude pastoral workers, large area burn and vitamin deficiency patients who need to supplement a large amount of vitamin C. Kiwi pectin also has detoxification effect, is beneficial to lead, mercury, or other poisoning occupational diseases, and also has prevention and treatment effect on radiation damage